Rukhmabai Raut one of the first practising female doctors in colonial India

Google India on Wednesday paid honor to Dr. Rukhmabai Raut, also known as Dr. Rukhmabai Raut, who became one of the first practicing female doctors in colonial India, with a doodle. To honor Dr. Rakhmabai Raut on her 153rd birthday, 22 November 2017, the internet search giant has devoted its doodle interpret a lady with a stethoscope around her neck, enclosed by women patients and nurses in a hospital.

Today’s Doodle by illustrator Shreya Gupta shows the fearless doctor among her patients, doing the devoted work of a skilled physician,” said Google’s blog post on its doodles.

But Dr. Rukhmabai Raut has another feather in her cap. If women in modern India can defend their rights of consent, it is due to Dr. Rukhmabai Raut ignore to observe her marriage and the case filed by her husband thereafter.

Born on this day in 1864 in Bombay, Dr. Rukhmabai Raut was the only daughter of Janardhan Pandurang and Jayantibai. She lost her father when she was eight years old and was married off at the age of 11 to Dadaji Bhikaji. Her mother later married Sakharam Arjun, an eminent physician and the founding member of Bombay Natural History Society.

Dr. Rukhmabai Raut maintain to stay with her mother and step-father even after marriage. Seven years later, Dadaji moved court seeking it to order his wife to live with him. Rukhmabai Raut refused to move in with her husband stating that a woman cannot be compelled to stay in a wedlock when she is not interested. Her decision was supported by her step-father who helped her fight the case in court. The Dadaji vs. Rukhmabai case that went on for three years generate a debate in both England and India. The verdict went in favour of Dadaji. The court ordered Dr. Rukhmabai Raut to live with her husband or face six months imprisonment. A brave Dr. Rukhmabai Raut said she was willing to opt the latter.

She different from her husband in 1888 and went to England to study medicine. Apart from practicing medicine, she continued to work for social causes and was a founding member of Bombay Natural History Society, a 133-year-old pan-India wildlife research organization.

The verdict was finally overruled by Queen Victoria. This prompted the government to bring the Age of Consent Act, 1891, despite opposition from conservative Indians.

Dr. Rukhmabai Raut legally different from her husband in 1888 and moved to England to study medicine. She got support from Dr. Edith Pechey of Bombay’s Cama Hospital, activists, and fellow Indians in England to complete her course in the London School of Medicine for Women. She returned to India in 1894 and practised in Surat, Rajkot, and Bombay for the next 35 years. She passed away on September 25, 1955.

Incidentally, Google has build two more doodles today. Users in Russia will be seeing a slideshow depicting the life and times of writer Vladimir Dal, who compiled the informative Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language.

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