oymyakon is one of the coldest village permanently settled on Earth

Oymyakon is a rural area in Oymyakonsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, domains along the Indigirka River, 30 kilometers (19 mi) northwest of Tomtor on the Kolyma Highway. oymyakon is one of the coldest village permanently settled on Earth.

The village is named after a local hot spring, which some residents tap during the winter by breaking through the thick surface of ice rimming the warm water. Oymyakon’s tourism board has develop the town as a perfect terminal for exploit travelers hungry for a taste of the extreme.


With the average climate for January standing at -50C, it is no wonder the village is the coldest permanently developed settlement in the world. Known as the ‘Pole of Cold’, the coldest ever climate recorded in Oymyakon was -71.2C.

This is only one of the difference about life in Oymyakon. In the village, the water in the Oymyakon river does not freeze. But this is not the result of magic. The ground here is forever frozen to a depth of 5,000 feet; under the stress from the frozen earth, the ground water rescue to the surface. In the language of the local people, the Tungus, “oymyakon” means “unfrozen river” or “the place where fish spend the winter.” There is no wind here; the weather is always sunny, small shaggy horses roam the tundra. In winter, their thick coats grow to a length of four inches, and the mane covers not only the neck, but also the shoulders.


Progress in Oymyakon is slow; in 2008 the town’s school collected its first indoor toilet. Mobile phone service is not applicable, and even if it was phones wouldn’t be able to function in those temperatures.

No farming takes place and there is only a single shop to provide all of the town’s food and actual supplies. Residents cannot wear glasses foreign as they will instantly freeze to one’s face. Forget licking anything.

The name Oymyakon means “non-freezing water.” It was named for a nearby hot spring.

Such is the gloom of the dead that it takes three days to bury them. The families first thaw the snow which is fully time-consuming. They use hot coals to generate heat and finally when the grave is deep enough, the coffin is covered.

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