The Jaintia Hills in the State of Meghalaya
Jaintia Hills District was a district in Meghalaya that was settled in 1972 with headquarters at Jowai which was taken from the United Khasi Jaintia Hills District Council.It was once part of the grand Jaintia Kingdom.
Three of the most popular hills in the North-East region, Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills are named after the three tribes that live in them respectively. Among the most amazing chain of hill ranges in the country, there beauty and remoteness is unparallel. The Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills are the history, life source and status of Meghalaya which are not only home to some beautiful and breathtaking landscapes but also to mysterious and absorbing tribals who have defend and resided in these hills for millennia.
The Jaintia Hills District lies between Latitudes 20degrees 58minutes and 26degrees 3 minutes North and Longitudes 91degrees 59minutes and 92degrees 51minutes East.
The present day Jaintia Hills District is but a remnant of the erstwhile Jaintia Kingdom which had been subjected to repeated divisions and partitions since the advent of the British in the North Eastern region and immediately after India’s Independence.
Being one of the oldest states in the region, it was mentioned in the Puranic and Tantrik literature.
It was computed by scholars that U Chyngklein Am, the eldest son of KA Li Dakha and U Luh Ryndi, ruled the Jaintia state in the 3rd century B.C.
This district has one of the biggest collections of ancient monolith, menhirs and tomb stones.
After Meghalaya became a full-fledged state in 1972, the Khasi and the Jaintia Hills were constituted under one administrative unit but later it was change. The District Council was introduced in the hill areas in 1952. Khasi and Jaintia Hills were put together but a different District Council was created for each of these tribal groups.